Sciatica describes persistent pain felt along the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back, down through the buttock, and into the lower leg and foot. The sciatic nerve is the longest and widest nerve in the body. It controls the muscles of the lower leg and provides sensation to the thighs, legs and the soles of the feet
Most often, it tends to develop as a result of general wear and tear on the structures of the lower spine, not necessarily as a result of an injury, but can be caused by lifting, bending, coughing, falling or motor vehicle accidents (or any trauma). Numerous patients have no idea what caused their sciatica. The pathophysiology of sciatica can be found in the lower lumbar spine; this is where we find the discs.
The most common causes of Sciatica include:
- disc herniation
- lumbar facet dysfunction
For some people, the pain from sciatica can be severe and debilitating. For others, the sciatica pain might be infrequent and irritating, but has the potential to get worse.
Chiropractic treatment helps restoring spinal movement, thereby improving function while decreasing pain and inflammation.